- This article is about the fruit. For other uses, see Cucumber (disambiguation).
|Cucumber (with peel)
Nutritional value cucumber salad per 100 g
|Energy 20 kcal 70 kJ
|- Sugars 1.7 cucumber recipes g
|- Dietary fiber 0.5 g
|Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.26 mg
|Vitamin C 3 cucumbers mg
|Percentages are sea cucumber relative to US RDI
values for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database
The cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is in the gourd family cucumber salad recipe Cucurbitaceae, which includes squash, and cucumber soup in the same genus as the muskmelon. The plant is widely cultivated today.
The cucumber plant has large leaves that form a canopy over cucumber sandwiches the fruit. The vine is grown on the ground cucumber recipe or on trellises, often in greenhouses.
The fruit is roughly cylindrical, elongated, with tapered larry the cucumber ends, and may be as large sea cucumbers as 60 cm long and 10 cm in diameter. Cucumbers grown cucumber bread to be eaten fresh (called slicers) and those intended for pickling (called picklers) are similar.
The fruit is commonly harvested while still green, though cucumber kimchi generally after the fruits outgrow their spines. cucumber plant They are eaten as a vegetable, either raw, cooked, or dance of the cucumber made into pickled cucumbers. Although less nutritious than most fruit, the fresh cucumber cucumber relish is still a very good source of vitamin C, vitamin K, and potassium, and also provides some dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin B6, thiamin, wild cucumber folate, cucumber pickle recipes pantothenic acid, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, copper, and manganese.
The pickling california sea cucumber process removes or degrades much of the nutrient content, especially that cucumber sandwich recipe of vitamin C.
Pickling cucumbers are sometimes sold fresh as "Kirby" or "Liberty" cucumbers. They are 3-6 inches long (7.5-15 cucumber sauce cm). They cucumber + yoghurtsoup are often irregularly-shaped, and have bumpy skin with tiny white- or black-dotted spines. They are never waxed. They can vary from creamy yellow to cucumber diseases pale or dark green.
English cucumbers can grow as growing cucumbers long as 2 feet. They are (nearly) seedless, and are sometimes marketed cold cucumber soup as "Burpless," as the seeds give some people gas.
Japanese cucumbers are slender and deep green. They are mild, and have creamed cucumbers a bumpy, ridged skin. They can pickling cucumbers be used for slicing, salads, pickling, etc., and are available year-round.
Slicers grown commercially for the North American market are generally longer, buy oriental cucumber seed online smoother, more uniform in pickle recipes pickling cucumbers color, and have a tougher skin. Slicers in other countries are smaller and have a thinner, more delicate skin. Picklers are generally shorter cucumber vegetable pictures and thicker.
- 1 Flowering canning cucumbers and pollination
- 2 History
- 3 Industry cucumber movies and geography
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Flowering and pollination
A few varieties of cucumber are parthenocarpic, the blossoms creating seedless fruit without pollination. cucumber soup recipe Pollination for these varieties degrades the quality. In cucumbers and onions the US, these are usually grown in greenhouses, where bees are excluded. In Europe, they freezing cucumbers are grown outdoors in some regions, and bees are excluded from these areas. Most cucumber varieties, peanut sauce cucumber however, are seeded and require pollination. Thousands of hives of bees are annually carried to cucumber fields cool as a cucumber just before cucumber growing bloom for this purpose. Cucumbers may also be pollinated by flies.
Symptoms of inadequate pollination include fruit abortion and misshapen fruit. Partially pollinated cucumber penetration flowers may develop fruit which are green and develop normally near the stem end, but pale chilled cucumber soup yellow and withered at the blossom end.
Traditional varieties produce male blossoms cucumber varieties first, then female, cool as a cucumber ashton drake in about equivalent numbers. New gynoecious hybrid cultivars produce almost all female blossoms. canning cucumber and onion recipes However, since these varieties do not provide pollen, they must have interplanted a pollenizer variety and the number of beehives per unit area is increased. cucumber plants Insecticide applications for insect pests must be done very carefully to avoid killing i'm a cucumber off recipe for cucumber pickles the insect pollinators.
It is claimed that the seeds can cause some people to burp, though there are also references to cucumber seeds this being caused by bitterness of the skin. Seedless varieties are lemon cucumber available.
Cucumbers are used in the decorative food marinated cucumbers art, garde manger.
The cucumber is believed to cucumber beetles be native to India, and evidence indicates that cucumbers recipes it has been cultivated in Western Asia for 3,000 years. From India, it spread to Greece (where cucumber relish recipe it was called "vilwos") and Italy pickled cucumbers (where the Romans were especially fond of the crop), and later into China. It was probably cucumber dip recipe introduced into other parts of Europe by the Romans, and cucumber martini records of cucumber cultivation appear in France in the 9th Century, England in the 14th Century, and in cucumber relish recipes North America by the mid-16th Century.
The Roman Emperor Tiberius had the cucumber on his table daily during summer and winter. cucumber sandwich The cucumbers and sour cream Romans reportedly used artificial methods (similar to the greenhouse system) of growing to have it cucumbers in vinegar available for his table every day of the year. They would be recipe cucumber onion vinegar wheeled out in carts to sit in the sun daily, then taken in to keep them recipe cucumber soup warm, and stored under frames or in cucumber houses glazed with oiled cloth known as "specularia."
Pliny the sour cream cucumber salad recipe Elder describes the Italian fruit as very small, brunette cucumber probably like a gherkin. In "Book XX. Remedies Derived canning cucumber recipes from the Garden Plants Chapter 2. (1.) -- The Wild Cucumber; Twenty-Six Remedies," he states, "We have already stated that there is a wild cucumber, downy mildew on cucumbers considerably smaller than the cultivated one. From this cucumber the how to pickle cucumbers medicament known as "elaterium" is prepared,..." but some scholars believe that he pictures of cucumbers refers, here, to Cucumis silvestris asininus, a different plant from the common cucumber. A copper etching cucumber love made by Maddalena Bouchard between 1772 and 1793 shows this plant to cucumber types have smaller, almost bean-shaped fruits, and small yellow cucumbers as toys flowers. Pliny does write quite a bit about several varieties of cucumber, including the Cultivated Cucumber (Book XX, chap. bitter cucumber 5), the "Anguine or Erratic Cucumber" (Book XX, Chap 4. burpless cucumbers (2.)), and several remedies from each (9 from the cultivated, 5 buy individually quick frozen cucumbers online from the "anguine", and a whopping 26 from the "wild"). The Romans are reported to have used cucumbers to buy pickling cucumbers online treat scorpion bites, bad eyesight, and to scare cucumber leaf away mice. Wives wishing for children wore them around their waists. cucumber vinegar salad They were also carried by the midwives and cucumbers be frozen thrown away when the child was born.
The ancient legend of Gilgamesh describes people eating green tea and cucumber cucumbers.
The cucumber is also listed among the products of ancient Ur. Some sources also state that it was produced in ancient Thrace, and it armenian cucumber is buy or sell sea cucumbers online certainly part of modern cuisine in Bulgaria and Turkey, parts of which make up that ancient state.
Charlemagne had cucumbers grown in his gardens in creamy cucumber recipe 9th-Century France. They were reportedly cucumber pickles introduced into England in the early 1300's, lost, then reintroduced approximately 250 years later.
The small form of the cucumber prostate cucumber is figured in Herbals of the sixteenth century, but states, 'if hung in a tube while in cucumber sour cream salad blossom, the Cucumber will grow to a cucumbers in sour cream most surprising length.' The vegetable is mentioned in the Bible (Numbers 11:5) as having been greek cucumber sauce freely available in Egypt, even to the enslaved Israelites: lemon cucumbers "We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the long english cucumber melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick:".
The Israelites later came to cultivate the cucumber: pan seared fish with cucumber saffron sauce in Isaiah 1:8, the method of agriculture is mentioned briefly. raven riley cucumber There was a "lodge," or shelter for the person who kept the birds away, the masked cucumber and guarded the garden from robbers.
The Spaniards creamy cucumbers (in the person of Christopher Columbus) brought cucumbers to Haiti in 1494. In cucumber appetizers 1535, Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, found "very great cucumbers" grown on the site of what is now Montreal.
Throughout the 1500s, European trappers, cucumber magnolia leaf traders, bison hunters, german potato salad with cucumber and explorers bartered for the products of Native American agriculture. The tribes sloan kettering sea cucumber of the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains learned from the Spaniard how to grow European vegetables. The best farmers what does a cucumber plant look like on the Great Plain were the Mandan Indians in what is now North and South wild cucumber vine Dakota. They cucumber + romaniansoup obtained cucumbers and watermelons from the Spaniards, and added them to the vegetables they were already growing, including cucumber dressing several varieties of corn and beans, pumpkins, squash, and gourd cucumber horticulture plants. The Iroquois were also growing them when the first Europeans visited them.
In 1630, the Reverend Francis Higginson produced a book called, cucumber nutrition "New England's Plantation," in which, describing a garden on Conant's Island in Boston Harbor known english cucumber as "The Governor's Garden," he states: "The countrie aboundeth how many net carbs in cucumbers naturally with store of roots of great varietie and good to eat. Our turnips, magnolia cucumber parsnips, and carrots are here both bigger and sweeter than types of cucumbers is ordinary to be found in England. carrot cucumber pickle Here are store of pompions, cowcumbers, and other things of that nature which I know not..."
William Wood also published in 1633's New cucumber appetizer recipe England Prospect (published in England) observations he made in 1629 in America: cucumber insert "The ground affords very good kitchin gardens, for Turneps, Parsnips, Carrots, Radishes, and Pompions, Muskmillons, Isquoter-squashes, coucumbars, cucumber juice Onyons, and whatever grows well in England grows as well cucumber pickle recipe there, many things being better and larger."
In the later cucumber sauce recipe 1600s, a prejudice developed against uncooked vegetables and fruits. cucumber slice A number of articles in contemporary health publications state that uncooked plants brought on summer diseases cucumbers with dill and sour cream and should be forbidden to children. The cucumber kept this vile reputation for english cucumbers an inordinate period of time: "fit only for consumption by cows," which some believe is why it gained fried cucumbers the name, "cowcumber."
Samuel Pepys man cucumber wrote in his diary on September 22, 1663: "this day Sir W. Batten tells me that Mr. Newhouse is dead of eating marinated cucumber salad cowcumbers, of which the other day pickled cucumber I heard of another, I think."
Fredric Hasselquist, in his travels in Asia Minor, Egypt, Cyprus and Palestine in the 1700s, came across sweet green cucumber pickles the Egyptian or hairy cucumber, the cucumber song Cucumis chate. It is said by Hasselquist to be the "queen of cucumbers, refreshing, sweet, solid, and wholesome." He also states cucumber leaves that "they cucumber pests still form a great part of the food of the lower-class people in Egypt serving them for meat, drink and cucumbers and vinegar physic." George E. Post, in Hastings's "A Dictionary of the Bible," states, "It is longer and more german cucumber salad slender than the common cucumber, being greenhouse cucumber seeds often more than a foot long, and sometimes less than an inch thick, and pointed at both ends."
A Marketmore Ridge how pickle cucumbers Cucumber
Industry and geography
In the United States, pickled cucumbers recipes the demand "for fresh-market cucumbers has been on the rise, while consumption of processed (pickled) cucumbers has been slowing. In general, however, poinsett cucumber cucumber use in the U.S. has been growing, with consumption totaling 3 billion pounds in recipe cucumber pickle 1999--up from 2.5 billion 10 recipe cucumber plain yogurt cumin years before and continuing the steady climb that began in the 1960's."
"Once considered mere animal fodder, "cukes" removingbitterness out of cucumbers are now an important commercial and garden vegetable. The U.S. produces 4 percent of the world's cucumbers, cucumber and onion salad recipe cucumber and red onion salad ranking fourth behind China, Turkey, and Iran. The U.S. cucumber industry is unevenly spread across the 50 states, cucumber garnish with 171,000 acres and 6,821 farms that ship into the fresh or processing markets. Cucumbers cucumber health salad recipe had an average farm value of $361 million cucumber magnolia annually during 1997-99." 
the so-called Armenian cucumber.
- In North America "wild cucumber" refers cucumber salad equal to manroot (Marah spp.).
- Cucumis sativus (TSN 22364). Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed cucumber song on January 30, 2006.
- Plant profile at the Plants Database cucumber tea sandwiches (http://plants.usda.gov/) - shows classification and distribution by US state.
- Cucumbers, regular: Plants for a Future database
- : a very brief history of the cucumber in America
- : cucumber cucumber yogurt raita as health food
- : ancient history of the cucumber
- : a cucumbers onions in vinegar brief article on cucumbers in Palestine
- : a brief garden cucumber beetles article on cucumber history
- : specifics, including history, on cucumbers and their varieties
- : several garden pests cucumber plants listed from a work by Pliny the Elder
- : source how big is the cucumber bush noting cucumbers in Ur in 3000 B.C.
ripe cucumber pickle recipe chinese cucumber cucumber and vinager cucumber boats recipe cucumber cream cheese recipe cucumber juice : purchase cucumber links
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