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Hallmark unveils tuneful cards 

AP via Yahoo! News - 2 hours, 40 minutes ago
Hallmark Cards Inc., the nation's leading card company known for its traditional values, is suddenly rocking.

Asbury Park Press - Oct 05 8:39 AM
While strolling through the neighborhood the other day, I happened upon this sign.

happy birthday
Happy 120th birthday Johannesburg 
Independent Online - Oct 04 6:33 AM
Johannesburg residents have every reason to hope for a prosperous future said the Democratic Alliance, as it wished the City of Johannesburg a happy 120th birthday.

One hotel room, to go 
Los Angeles Times - Oct 05 4:01 AM
Like that suite's bedroom set, barware or chair? Now when you check out, you can take it all with you -- for a price.

hershey chocolate
I want S'MORE 
Pantagraph - Oct 04 10:29 PM
With a mouth full of graham crackers, melted marshmallow and warm chocolate, try asking for "some more." Some say that's how the gooey campfire treat was named.

Greenwood Police Informant Claims Deputies Beat Him Up 
WYFF via Yahoo! News - 15 minutes ago
The Greenwood County Sheriff's Office is under investigation after a confidential drug informant working for the Greenwood Police Department said deputies beat him up last week.

Angara and Honey Ryder to Clash in Flower Bowl 
BloodHorse - 14 minutes ago
The $600,000 Flower Bowl Invitational Handicap (gr. IT), to be contested over 10 furlongs Oct. 7 at Belmont Park, looks to be a clash between the consistent Honey Ryder and the ever-improving Angara.

Van Andel open house plans 
MLive.com - Oct 03 1:48 PM
10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Enjoy a free hotdog, popcorn, and Pepsi product at the Van Andel Arena open house this weekend.

Old-Fashioned, Homemade Burgers Open Monday - Friday, 10AM-10PM Saturday, 10AM-12AM 
Kilgore News Herald - Oct 04 5:12 PM
“Old-Fashioned, Homemade Burgers” Open Monday - Friday, 10AM-10PM Saturday, 10AM-12AM 904 Broadway 903-984-8141 The Back Porch Did You Know? We’ll give you hushpuppies & red beans with your order.

New Products from PowerToolsMall.com 
[Press Release] PR Web via Yahoo! News - Oct 05 5:00 AM
(PRWEB) October 5, 2006 -- www.PowerToolsMall.

horses for sale
Crafters, artisans needed for Kids & Horses event 
The Record-Courier - Oct 05 6:06 AM
The Kids & Horses Therapeutic Riding Center third annual pumpkin patch event is 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Oct. 21. There will be games, prizes, pony rides, pumpkins for sale, food, a costume party, entertainment and a craft fair.

house paint
Court Documents Paint Grim Picture Of Teen Shooter 
WFRV-TV Green Bay - Oct 04 5:13 AM
A broken home life. Behavior problems. And a temper. Neighbors and court documents paint a grim picture of Eric Hainstock as a boy prone to anger who had few friends and wanted out of his father's house.

house plans
Developer Presents Condo Plans For Saybrookʼs Greenberg House 
New London Day - 1 hour, 52 minutes ago
Old Saybrook - In a little more than a year, a pedestrian walking by the Greenberg House at 226 Main St. could see the same ...

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- hallmark cards

Here is an article on - hallmark ecards.

- hallmark


A hallmark is an official marking made by a trusted halmark party, 'guardians of the craft' or nowadays by an assay office, on items made hallamrk of precious metals (platinum, gold and silver) that guarantees a certain purity of the metal. This should not be allmark confused with a marking, often just a number such as 925, which is hallmar done voluntarily by the manufacturer, and unfortunately does not always hallmakr reflect the true purity of the metal. halllmark A hallmark is only applied after the item has been assayed to determine its purity. Often the hallmark hallmark is made up of several elements including: the type of hallmark cards metal, the maker and the year of the marking.

Merriam-Webster also defines hallmark channel the metaphorical use of hallmark as: "a distinguishing characteristic, trait, or feature <the hallmark ecards dramatic flourishes which are the hallmark of the trial lawyer — Marion K. hallmark e-cards Sanders>".


  • 1 History of hallmarking
  • 2 List hallmark e cards of countries with statutory independent hallmarking as of 2004
  • 3 Modern hallmarks
    • 3.1 United Kingdom hallmarks
    • 3.2 Vienna ecards hallmark Convention hallmarks
  • 4 Marking techniques
    • 4.1 Punching
    • 4.2 Laser hallmark greeting cards hallmark ornaments marking
  • 5 External links

History of hallmarking

Hallmarking may have begun as long hallmark email cards ago as the sixth century AD. Byzantine silver from this time has a hallmark stores system of five marks which have not been completely deciphered.

Hallmarking is Europe's earliest form of silver hallmarks consumer protection. Hallmarking probably started in France, the standard for silver being established in 1260, but the e cards and hallmark first town mark was established in 1275.

In 1300, King Edward I of England hallmark free ecards enacted hallmark tv channel a statute ordering that all silver articles must meet the Sterling silver standard (92.5% pure silver), and should be assayed by 'guardians hallmark store of the craft', who would then mark the item hallmark ecard with a leopard's head.

In 1327, King Edward III hallmark flowers of England granted a charter to the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths (more hallmarks on silver commonly known as the Goldsmiths' Company), marking the beginning of the Company's formal existence.

In 1355, individual maker marks were hallmark cards inc. introduced in France, which was mirrored in England in 1363, adding accountability to hallmark entertainment the two systems.

In 1427, the date letter system was established in France, allowing the accurate dating of hallmarks any hallmarked piece.

In 1478, the Assay Office was established in free hallmark ecards Goldsmiths' Hall. At this time, the date letter system was introduced in England.

In 1697, a hallmark tv channel schedule higher standard of silver, known as the Britannia standard (95.8% silver) was made compulsory in England to hallmark christmas ornaments protect the new coinage which was being melted down by silversmiths for hallmark e-card the silver. The Sterling standard was hallmark hall of fame restored in 1720.

In 1975, the 1973 Hallmarking Act was enacted, introducing Platinum marking. All four remaining assay hallmark home entertainment offices finally adopted the same date letter sequences.

The latest changes free hallmark e cards in 1999 were made to the UK hallmarking system to bring the system closer hallmark gold crown into line with the European Union (EU).

International hallmarking hallmark television channel has been plagued by difficulties, because even amongst countries which implement hallmarking, standards and enforcement varies considerably, making it difficult for hallmark homes one country to accept another's hallmarking as equivalent to its own.

List of countries with statutory independent hallmarking gold hallmarks as of 2004

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Cyprus
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hong Kong
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Luxembourg
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Singapore
  • Slovenia
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • Uzbekistan

Modern hallmarks

United Kingdom hallmarks

Pictured here are the assay office marks - from left hallmark card studio 2005 6 to right, the leopard's head of London, the anchor of Birmingham, the hallmark collectibles Yorkshire rose of Sheffield, and the hallmark e card castle of Edinburgh.

As it now stands, the compulsory part of the UK hallmark consists of the sponsor or maker's mark, hallmark trailers the assay office mark, and the standard of fineness (in this case silver, 925 parts in pewter hallmarks 1000). These are shown in the top of the two example hallmarks. The free hallmark cards bottom example shows the hallmark free e cards extra marks that can also be struck, the lion passant, indicating Sterling silver, the date free hallmark e-cards mark (lowercase a for '2000'), and in this example, the 'Millennium mark', which was only hallmark store locator available for the years 1999 and 2000. The bottom free hallmark greeting cards example bears the Yorkshire rose mark for the Sheffield Assay Office.

Vienna Convention hallmarks

Marking techniques


Traditionally, the hallmarks are 'struck' using steel punches. Punches are made in different hallmark channel program guide sizes, suitable for free hallmark email cards tiny pieces of jewellery to large silver platters. Punches are made in straight shank or ring shank, the former for normal punching with a hammer, hallmark card studio 2005 6 0 and the later used with a press to mark rings. The problem with hallmark hall of fame movies traditional punching hallmark free e-cards is that the process of punching displaces metal, causing some distortion of the article being marked. hallmark cards inc This means that re-finishing of the article is required after hallmarking. For this hallmark tv reason, and that off-cuts from sprues are often used for assay, many articles are sent unfinished to the assay office hallmark gifts for assay and hallmarking.

Laser marking

A new method of marking using lasers is hallmark television now hallmark tv listings available, which is especially valuable for delicate items and hollowware, which would be damaged or distorted by the punching process. Laser marking also hallmark free email cards means that finished articles do not need to be re-finished. Laser marking works printable hallmark cards by using high power lasers to evaporate material from hallmark birthday cards the metal surface. Two methods exist, 2D and 3D laser marking. 2D laser hallmark connections card studio marking burns the outline of the hallmarks into the hallmark movie channel object, while 3D laser marking better simulates the marks made by punching.

External links

  • List of basic hallmarks from various countries
  • Silver Marks, Hallmarks & hallmark free cards Maker's Marks
  • The Goldsmiths' Company
  • International hallmarking - pipedream or hallmark gold crown stores possibility? (pdf)
  • Hallmark Convention
  • Swiss hallmarks
Search Term: sterling silver hallmarks "Hallmark"
the hallmark channel hallmark institute of photography hallmark ornament lighthouse identify silver hallmarks

- hallmark channel

Hallmark unveils tuneful cards 

AP via Yahoo! News - 2 hours, 40 minutes ago
Hallmark Cards Inc., the nation's leading card company known for its traditional values, is suddenly rocking.

Hallmark Unveils Tuneful Cards 
AP via Yahoo! Finance - Oct 05 10:28 AM
Hallmark Cards Inc., the nation's leading card company known for its traditional values, is suddenly rocking. The company's new Sound Cards -- the first line ever to use original songs from original artists -- have young and old tuning into everything from Johnny Cash's "Ring of Fire" to the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Tim McGraw to the Rolling Stones.

New Hallmark Channel head thinking young 
UPI - 6 minutes ago
LOS ANGELES, Oct. 5 (UPI) -- Henry Schleiff, the new president of Hallmark's parent company Crown Media, has revealed plans to market the Hallmark Channel to a younger U.S. demographic.

Rock On: Conservative Hallmark Changes Tune 
NBC 5 Chicago - 21 minutes ago
Learn about breast cancer risks, detection and treatment. Do you shop at Hallmark? Yes, regularly. Once in a while. No, I don't.