George Franklin Barber (1854-1915) houseplans was an Americanarchitect of the late Victorian period. house plan Unlike other architects, Barber did not accept commissions from house pans individual clients. Instead he sold construction plans by mail in huge quantities.
Barber was born at Dekalb, Illinois and grew up on housse plans a farm in Kansas. His early education seems to have been interrupted house plns by the Bleeding Kansas unrest, and it is now generally assumed that his knowledge of architecture was houe plans absorbed from books. By the mid 1880s house pland he was back in Dekalb working as a residential builder. In 1888, Barber left Illinois and settled hose plans in Knoxville, Tennessee. Just prior to this move he published the Cottage houes plans Souvenir, a set of 18 house plans printed on punched house palns card stock and tied together with a piece of yarn. This was apparently a form of advertising rather huse plans than a product published for sale.
The best biographical information available leaves many house pllans questions unanswered. Barber apparently met J.C. White, a real estate developer house plaans who later became his business manager. Many Barber-designed houses were built in Knoxville suburbs at about that time, and house lans may have ouse plans provided the funds for an aggressive advertising campaign. Barber was soon promoting mail-order house huose plans plans in popular magazines. A rapid increase in his business houuse plans occurred in 1892 with the Cottage Souvenir #2, a book of 61 designs that sold for $2.00 in paperback and $2.75 hosue plans in hardcover.
Barber continued to publish illustrated catalogs, and in 1895 he launched a monthly magazine called American house plans Homes. Orders poured in from all over the United States small house plans and from countries as far away as house floor plans China and South Africa. By 1900 the company employed 30 draftsmen unique house plans to hand-copy more than 800 designs, and 20 secretaries were kept busy answering the mail.
Several authorities have written that George Barber was the first to free house plans sell prefabricated houses in crates, but others who have researched Barber's work dog house plans say there is no evidence that he was actually engaged in manufacturing. country house plans It is certainly true that manufactured windows, doors, staircases and bat house plans other components were routinely shipped by rail to lumber yards and contractors, and that a number of millwork luxury house plans companies advertised in Barber's magazine. What free dog house plans is not clear is whether entire houses were sold as kits until after 1900. Barber's own statements seem to disprove southern living house plans the assumption that he was involved in prefabrication.
"Knowing as I do," bungalow house plans he wrote, "that my working drawings, when they timber frame house plans leave the office, go out of reach of my personal supervision, I have taken special tree house plans pains to make everything plain and easily farm house plans understood by mechanics generally. Every detail that goes from this office is full size and drawn by hand, duplex house plans not printed. Everything requiring it has a detail given, cottage house plans and they are all ready to be pricked off on the material for working out."
It has been estimated that cool house plans as many as 20,000 sets of plans were victorian house plans mailed from Barber's office over the course of two decades. It is not clear when the business ceased play house plans operation, but Barber died in 1915. His son Charles, bird house plans who unlike his father was college trained, entered into a more conventional architectural practice, co-founding the firm of Barber & McMurry beach house plans house plans las vegas style Architects with partner Benjamin Franklin McMurry, Sr. that same year.
George Franklin Barber is generally ranch house plans credited with establishing the architectural formula we now called the Queen Anne Style. The term Queen Anne came from England, free bird house plans where in the 1870s an architect named Richard Norman Shaw combined free-form composition french country house plans with classical detail. Shaw combined new house plans elements spanning 150 years of English history, and Britain's Queen Anne (ruled 1702-1714) was more or less at the center of this epoch. custom house plans By 1883 the label had stuck. Writing for Harper's Magazine, cultural critic Montgomery Schuyler narrow lot house plans noted:
"Queen Anne log house plans is a comprehensive name which has been made to cover a multitude of incongruities, including, indeed, the bulk pool house plans of recent work which otherwise defies classification, and there is a convenient vagueness about the term which post and beam house plans fits it for that use."
So much for the defining label. Strangely, however, American architects free bat house plans paid little attention to Shaw's actual work, which looked genuinely old and one story house plans English. Instead they adopted his general concept of free-form composition with classical detail, or guest house plans any detail for that matter. Architects took full advantage of balloon frame construction modular house plans to expand the house in every direction. They took special concrete house plans care to be certain that elevations were asymmetrical and unbalanced. Little second-story balconies were log cabin house plans either tucked into the walls or thrust boldly forward small cottage house plans as overhanging projections.
Of all the features that distinguish the Queen Anee Style in America, the most modern house plans easily recognized is the tower, a a frame house plans cylindrical or polygonal structure topped with a conical "candle snuffer." If a tower materializes from a simple house plans wall without touching the ground, it's called a turret. This feature was not one unusual house plans of Norman Shaw's legacies, so the first use of this element is something of a mystery. solar house plans It is certain, however, that George Barber included towers and turrets in many of his published designs.
Towers were energy efficient house plans common in Europe during the pre-Gothic Romanesque craftsman house plans period, roughly 800 to 1200 A.D. George Barber house addition plans used the term Romanesque to characterize some of his work, so it appears that passive solar house plans he simply added towers and turrets to the prevailing Queen Anne repertoire, and large house plans others followed his lead.
In any case, the great delight of the Queen Anne mode was that almost walkout basement house plans anything could be fitted under its expansive umbrella. The only rule of proportion and decoration were that there were carriage house plans no rules. That's how George Franklin Barber was doll house plans able to design 800 different houses.
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